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structure with responsibilities pdf. 3 – Risk assessments Working with the standards and Good practice is one of the three approaches along with if necessary. Source: Assessment – a brief guide to controlling risk in the workplace. Available at: http:// (accessed ).

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The risk assessment steps allow the generation of a list of risks but for many people it can beg the question ‘where should I focus, what are the biggest risks? The Risk Matrix questions the probability of certain levels of harm.

For example; had the structure been designed to withstand wind conditions? It comprised inflatable ‘cells’, each 5m high. This leaked fuel was close to hot pipe-work not part of the refuelling system which provided an ignition source. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. To undertake a suitable and sufficient risk assessment takes time and an appropriate multi-disciplinary team of people. Consider for example a small manufacturing process where Team A take raw material and prepare it for initial fabrication by Team B.

The Nimrod aircraft, shown in Fig. This occurred while members of the public were inside the structure and others were surrounding the structure as it fell back to earth.

HSE has published a guide to Risk Assessment [ 8 ] which identifies the key steps. HSE did not undertake the investigation [ 11 ] air accidents being outside its regulatory remit but the lessons from the incident are very relevant to all employers. Once the pipes had been installed, no system was put in place to reassess the safety of the pipes as time elapsed. Analysis of the maintenance records indicated that no maintenance of this buried pipe had been undertaken.

The wind conditions were not abnormal for the UK.

Risk Assessment in the UK Health and Safety System: Theory and Practice

This is shown in Fig. The paper concludes with an analysis of the common failings of risk assessments and key actions for improvement. In this example it includes the severity of harm, the exposure to harm for example the amount of time per day an individual is exposed to the riskthe probability that the event will occur for the given exposure and the probability of avoiding harm should the hazardous event occur. There were three failings in this example 1 a failure to undertake suitable and sufficient risk assessment at the design stage of the modifications to the aircraft 2 a failure to review and act on maintenance data 3 when a retrospective Safety Case was undertaken some time after the modified aircraft had been in service, maintenance data was not appropriately collected and reviewed to inform the Safety Case.

The Legal responsibilities of Employers. Carrying out a detailed Quantitative Risk Assessment without first considering whether any relevant good practice was applicable, or when relevant good practice exists.

Legal Responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act The Health and Safety at Work Act places responsibility not only on employers but also on designers, manufacturers and suppliers to ensure that articles and substances are safe for use so far as is reasonably practicable, and on every employee while at work to take reasonable care of him or herself, and of any other person who may be affected by his or her actions.

A specific approach in industry A may be inappropriate in industry B. In all cases, there was a loss of life that was completely avoidable if the risk assessment had been completed properly and acted upon. Here, the risk consequence level of harm has its probability derived from a number of factors. The reason for placing the responsibility with the organisation creating the risk is that it is impossible for HSE to be expert in the operation of every technology and workplace, especially at the rate of technology development.

Identify the Hazards associated with the plant equipmentpeople and processes. The Designer’s risk assessment stated that 40 tethers would be required for the structure distributed around the perimeter but only 22 were used by the Contract Company.

Had these calculations determined the type strengthnumber and positioning of tethers and pegs? This flexibility is a great advantage but it requires judge ment eww.

In addition, only 22 tethers were located after the incident.

Risk assessment

From this the wdw tethering configuration could have been scientifically deter mined. The Contract Company did not require the Designer to supply a suitable specification containing the loading calculations to inform the location of the tethers. Subsequent maintenance records showed evidence of fuel leaks that had happened before but these were not acted upon.

Risk graph [ 10 ]. The Nimrod aircraft had been in service for over 30 years and had been modified twice. This paper gives a brief overview of where responsibility for occupational health and safety lies in the UK, and how risk should be managed through risk assessment. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License http: The structure was designed for its artistic merit and the focus of the Designer was on the dream-like experience that participants would enjoy.

Introduction Prior to the UK had spent the preceding years generating a large number of Health and Safety laws focused aww individual industries, and even individual regions of the country. The legal responsibilities of employers are summarised in Fig.

As with the other case studies, this accident was completely avoidable. Common Pitfalls of Risk Assessment and How to Improve The case studies illustrate some of the common failing in undertaking risk assessments. Identify the new controls that are needed, who will take responsibility for htp them in place and by when.

Risk Assessment in the UK Health and Safety System: Theory and Practice

Investigation of the historical context indicated that the pipes were installed correctly and to the appropriate standard of the time the pipes were installed in Find articles by Karen Russ.

The structure lifted up to a near vertical position, ‘like a sail’, as shown in Fig.

How bad could it be? HSL then investigated the risk assessments that had been undertaken asking many questions. Dividing the time spent on the risk assessment between several individuals – this approach to risk estimation usually means that risks at interfaces between plant, people or processes are missed.

Of employees to ensure that they do not endanger themselves or anyone else who may be affected by their work.

HSL undertook an investigation and determined that the structure was tethered by 22 ropes and pegs distributed around the perimeter of the structure. The best results from these tools are achieved when a team of people undertake the risk assessment together. The focus of the paper is three recent major UK incidents, all involving fatalities, and all of which were wholly avoidable if risks had been properly assessed and managed.