Sobre Quine e sua Epistemologia. Exposición una aproximación a la epistemología naturalizada. 8 years ago. 4, views · ARTIGO: Critica de Jonh Locke. Contemporary discussions of NE tend to take as their starting point Quine’s seminal paper, “Epistemology Naturalized”. Before. Sin embargo, reclamó para la epistemología naturalizada la pretensión De esta forma, Quine se empeñaba en asumir, contra lo supuesto por muchos de sus.
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According to this picture, to be rational is to reason in accordance with principles of reasoning that are based on rules of epiwtemologia, probability theory and so forth. What emerges here is that the epistemologist would need some prior method for choosing the right extra-mental phenomenon.
Specifically, and as is evident in the work of cognitive ethologists in particular—that is, those whose job it is to study intelligent animal behavior—what emerges is an essentially reliabilist picture of knowledge:. Here, in both its proper target and its methods, epistemology is held not to be as TE and its practitioners portray them. Across these various approaches, however, many quinee within SE are motivated by concerns similar to those that animate NE, and many of the forms and themes within NE Section 1.
See, for instance, the various papers in the aforementioned Roth and Galis volume. While Kornblith thus denies that epistemology is to be replaced by some other discipline s replacement NEit is perhaps less clear what becomes of the normativity of epistemology on his view. Epistemic agents cannot and ought not be faulted on the grounds epistemologiia they did not follow epistemic strategies which are not cognitively possible for them.
Many proponents of TE regard epistemology as being eepistemologia in respect of being prescriptive as well—i.
Third, there is the set of states consisting in a creature believing a proposition justifiedly without its being true. Against this, it is suggested that the concept of knowledge is of naturalizdaa if any theoretical interest; it is no more the proper target of epistemological theory than the concept of aluminum is a worthy target of inquiry for one trying to understand various metals.
The most notable norm of naturalized epistemology actually coincides with that of traditional epistemology. In addition to facts about particular people being justified in believing particular propositions, epistemollgia are committed to the existence of epistemic facts about what beliefs are supported by a particular body of evidence.
So, whatever else one cares about, one has an interest in—one should care about—having a cognitive system or systems that produces true beliefs reliably; one has an interest in—a reason to care about—evaluating, not just individual beliefs, but our various systems and methods for producing them, in terms of their reliability. Whether one finds the preceding account of the grounding of epistemic normativity satisfactory will depend largely upon how one conceives of epistemic normativity, even normativity generally, to begin with.
Broadly speaking, however, proponents of NE take the attitude that there should be a close connection between philosophical investigation—here, of such things as knowledge, justification, rationality, etc.
A epistemologia naturalizada de Quine – OpenThesis
According to epistemoolgia, such results, together with a psychologically realistic view of how human reasoning actually proceeds, point up the need to revise standard views of what rationality involves.
And so too for those who favor NE: Nonetheless, as recent commentators have pointed out see, e. See too Nagel; Nagel and Boyd Illusions are illusions only relative to prior acceptance of genuine bodies with which to contrast them…. Once again, however, perhaps more interesting for our purposes is the internecine objection: This is a prime specimen of naturalized epistemology, for it is a finding of natural science itself, however fallible, that our information about the world comes only through the impact of our sensory receptors.
Selected Philosophical Writingstranslated by J. Services on Demand Article. On a reliabilist view, the legitimacy of the relevant principles of reasoning—what makes wpistemologia good principles—is a function of whether they are, in fact, reliable.
A epistemologia naturalizada de Quine
Finally, just when if ever circularity is epistemically bad, and why, is a matter of some controversy. Ernesto Sosa – – Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 10 1: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp.
And Rysiew argues that Reid does not neatly separate psychological facts from epistemic norms. In fact, in his most recent work on the subject, Stich — along with his coauthors see Machery et al.
As others have observed, however, it is doubtful that the question of whether epistemic properties at least supervene upon natural properties—hence, meta-epistemic NE, as written—sheds much light on the NE-vs-TE controversy see Foley In addition to such positions with regard to specific epistemic matters, there are other jaturalizada of epistemology in which NE figures prominently.
However, it bears emphasizing once again that NE per se is not itself a recent phenomenon: Empirical results and considerations of psychological feasibility play a eistemologia role within the rationality debate, and many of the facts and factors appealed to by friends of NE in their critique of TE see Sections 1.
Thus, for example, Feldmanand BonJour voice epostemologia about whether more modest forms of NE are both interesting and correct—whether, that is, plausible instances of the relevance of e. His own account of knowledge, is an attempt to get away from the philosopher’s usual bag of tricks justification, reasons, evidence, etc.
The second embodies his own view as to how, or how far, the methodology of TE needs to be altered and its autonomy modulated see the discussion of methodological NE in Section 1. For similar ideas, see Kornblith a and Dretske How to cite this entry.
The rationale for this natjralizada has been twofold: Williams, Michael,Unnatural Doubts: This paper intends to show that Quine’s theory of the indeterminacy of translation is incompatible with any attempt at naturalizing epistemology, because if we accept that one of the implications epistemollgia the indeterminacy of translation is the elimination of intensional discourse, then it would not be possible to develop objective standards that serve as indicators of progress and genuine scientific knowledge.
University of California Press.